In our control room, we monitor the national electrical grids and ensure that there is always a balance between consumption and production in Sweden. Our work contributes to ensuring an electricity market where the players can purchase electricity in free competition.
We are the government authority responsible for electricity
preparedness and we work to reinforce the country’s electricity supply system to ensure it is able to withstand critical situations. We also coordinate the country’s dam safety.
Click on the film viewer below to see our film "Svenska Kraftnät is developing the national grid".
Charged by the state
Svenska Kraftnät was established in 1992 and is a state-owned public utility. Our work is financed by the fees that regional grids and major electricity producers, such as operators of nuclear power stations, pay to Svenska Kraftnät for use of the national grid. The Swedish government has stipulated our guiding principles, and every year the government specifies special tasks for Svenska Kraftnät for the coming year. Parliament sets up the framework for Svenska Kraftnät’s investment and financing activities.
Svenska Kraftnät’s mission is to:
- provide transmission of power on the national grid well in compliance with security, efficiency and environmental requirements
- perform the system operator function for electricity cost-efficiently
- promote an open Swedish, Nordic and European market for
- ensure a robust nationwide supply of electricity.
The national grid and other grids
Electricity is transported from the major power stations to the regional electrical grids (40-130 kV) via the national grid (220 kV and 400 kV), which is owned by the Swedish state and managed by Svenska Kraftnät. From the regional grids, electricity is transported via local grids (40 kV or less) to electricity consumers. The route electricity takes is shown in the illustration below.
The illustration shows the route electricity takes from the electricity producer via the national grid, regional grids, local grids and onward to the electricity consumer. The electricity producters sell their electricity via the Nord Pool electricity exchange to an electricity supplier.